The Theory of Human Nature by Sartre

Human Nature by Sartre

Sartre interpreted human nature in a unique way. Indeed, he stressed that there was no human nature in people’s life. Claiming that, he refused the existence of the pre-determined plan as a trajectory for life development of any person. Humans have no ultimate meaning and no greater purpose to live. He was reassured that there is nothing outside us; therefore, it is up to every human to decide his or her fate for the time being.

The only thing that exists is a moment, a short period of time when humans make a decision and determine their future. Sartre stressed that the existence comes before essence, which meant that in contrast to a knife whose purpose is to hit someone or pile potatoes, a human being had no purpose of his/her existence. Thus, as Sartre states, the fact of being a human offers two options: one refers to the choice that we should make due to the absence of pre-determined plan and, the second – to creating our essence in time.

At the same time, a human being is tied by his/her responsibilities. One of them refers to the inescapable condition of human life that is to choose something and accept the responsibility for the outcomes. Sartre stated that humans have the choice in determining their subjectivity. The latter term is frequently criticized. However, Sartre stressed that there is no objectivity; thus, everything is hit by the subjectivity, and no one is free from it.


The theory of Sartre, however, seems to be somewhat controversial. If a human being has to inevitably choose the path and bear responsibility, then is it the aim of life for everyone?

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