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The Negative Effects of Social Networks

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Social support is offered in relationships with other individuals. An individual who is socially isolated lacks social support. Most people have relationships with others, although the number and quality of relationships vary widely. A concept that is closely related to social support is that of the social network. A person’s social network consists of people with whom he or she interacts and who influence his or her life (Waters, 1998).

One concern is lack of censorship or control over what appears on the internet leading to one not being able to delete any information of value to an enemy. There are also concerns about privacy on the internet. Misuse of the internet in the workplace has been a greater concern for many firms. . Misuse of the internet in the workplace has led to massive inefficiency of workers in most organizations. This has necessitated the need to disconnect some chatting sites or features among the users. Workers spend most of their time chatting and exchanging chats and emails at the expense of working for the organization. Leads to under performance of the workers hence reduce the output of the firms they work for. This happens if the employees are so much dedicated to their social networks and forget that they are employed to work and not chat. It has led to some losing their jobs due to the poor performance (Kumar, Novak, & Tomkins, 2006).

A negative impact of social networks nevertheless can be assumed because new ideas diffuse in the network and can be stolen; employees change from one firm to another by using information on job opportunities and thus reduce the human capital inside individual firms. The characteristics of social networks can facilitate exchanges on but can also prevent other interactions, for example, with agents outside the network. Disadvantages are that some opportunities might be neglected because the information exchanged inside the network is biased towards other opportunities; there are diminishing returns to searching activities in just one direction and the competition between agents increases.

 Online social networks addiction has been a major concern to the society. It results to various crises including lateness to appointments or classes, lack of enough sleep, the breaking of families and marriages, and neglect of work and responsibilities. This occurs mainly due to persons spending excess time chatting and having little time left to carry out the important activities.

Many people argue that the internet is merely a communications medium and cannot be compared with addictive stimuli such as drugs and alcohol. Provision of free and unlimited access to the internet creates a path for students to misuse it. The youths at the college level are far from parents for the first time and have no one to monitor them and what they are doing online. They have no idea of the growing number of cases related to overuse of the internet seen in clinics and private practices.

Some individuals develop a dysfunctional usage of the internet. They spend too much time online to the expense of their financial and social well-being. They barely have time to sleep because of this habit. They forget that an individual in the adolescent age group is supposed to sleep for nine and a half hours a day. This leads to abnormal shape of their growing body. It eventually leads to their energy decreasing. In excellent sleepers, the mind is endlessly active; reviewing the experience from the previous day, classifying which new information is important and relevant to save because of its emotional salience. Dreams have sense, and they are best understood to be expressions of immature wishes. They lead to the interconnectedness of new experience with that already piled up in memory networks. Sleep is a demanding time, interweaving chains of thought with emotional values connected, as they challenge or fit the organizational structure representing our personality. They lack all this due to them being addicted to the online social networks.

The addict’s concentration is affected so much that they cannot concentrate on anything for more than ten minutes without thinking of the online social networks. They do not finish their assignments in time, and they never even attempt any assignments. This leads to many students dropping academically and might even lead to them being expelled in schools. This has a negative effect to the society since there is a probability that there will be few professionals in the future.

One vulnerable aspect of social networks is privacy. All personal information in social networks is real. Thus, social networks pose a higher risk of security. Hence, it is necessary to have well designed secure mechanisms for social networks. Furthermore, social networks need fine grained access control mechanisms for personal information with respect to a large number of varieties of users.

Cyber bullying

Many persons rarely hide their identity in social networks unless they have a bad intention. This idea of people being honest might be misused by others who find it difficult to live a trouble less life. They ensure they have misused the information posted by individuals in the networks to harass them. This encourages cyber bullying. This is the use of technology to harass, threaten, embarrass, or humiliate victims. As access to technology increases, cyber bullying methods have become more complicated. Bogus websites and nuisance phone calls are also some methods of cyber bullying. The bully is capable of targeting the victims with minimal cost and little effort (Lenhart, 2007). Cyber bullying has enormous damaging Effects on Young Adolescents. This is mainly seen in the current youths due to easy and cheap access of the internet. This makes life easier for the bullies since they can do it without their identity being discovered.

Campbell, M. (2010). Research on Cyberbullying. Australian Journal of Guidance & Counselling, explains that the effects of cyber bullying vary from victim to victim. Some youths have ended up committing suicide after experiencing cyber bullying. Suicide is determined by many factors so it would be incorrect to conclude that cyber bullying is the main cause of committing it. Male bullies are four times more likely, and female bullies are eight times more likely than their peers to commit suicide (Campbell, 2010).

Some cyber bullying victims experience low self-esteem and depression that might last into adulthood. One may experience post-traumatic stress turmoil, social and individual relationship troubles and substance abuse. The victims likely have low attendance and when they are able to attend school they are often too upset to concentrate. This, in effect, leads to grades dropping and causes more emotional trauma (Grigg, 2010).

Recent research documents the psychological implications of children who are bullies or commit bullying offences. They are more likely to engage in criminal behavior as they grow into adults. Bullies are more likely to engage in drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes (Mesch, 2009).

Many families are breaking up due to the social networks. Many husbands and wives spend more time with their friends and forget that they should also be spending time with their families. The friends that one has also matters since some choose to listen to their friends more and take every advice given to them by them without even thinking. Some do what they see their friends do. It has been noted that many spouses feel insecure when their partners spend more time chatting with their friends. Some even cannot concentrate when their spouses are talking to them. Some will even take the chatting to bedrooms, which is very disgusting and irritating. This causes fights every now and then, which eventually end up in breakages of families and single families (Waters, 1998).

Behaviour decay

Jaffe, A. (2010, April 17). Facebook, e-mail, games, and porn – A glimpse at our addiction to technology. Psychology Today explains that Social networks have led to the deterioration of many youths behaviours due to them encouraging and sending each other links to bad sites like pornography ones.

These lead to many trying to practice what they have seen on the photographs or videos. In the process, some may get sexually transmitted diseases, which become a burden to them and their parents. Some end up with pregnancies. This leads to many aborting the unplanned pregnancies, which is dangerous and might lead to barrenness or even death if poorly performed. Many begin to use contraceptives at a very tender age and expose them their side effects while they are still young (Lampe, Ellison, & Steinfield, 2006).

False intimacy

Paolillo, J. (1999). The Virtual Speech Community: Social network and language variation. Journal of computer – Mediated Communication.

Explains that social media also offers a sense of false intimacy. Somehow, it has become important for a person to know that his or her friend, whom he or she may not have actually seen in twenty years, just went for a walk and somehow it is important that this friend tell this individual, and 300 other friends.

This is seen when people lie and no one will know that they are lying. They convince others of things that are not true. Their friends have no choice but to believe them since there is the distance between them. The appropriateness or inappropriateness of different content posted within online social networks is in the eye of the beholder, meaning that the person seeing the content would decide whether or not they perceive it to be inappropriate (Hogan).

Online social networks reduce face to face interactions. This changes many people since they find it difficult to communicate face to face. It can be discouraging since one requires taking some time before becoming used to it. The friends one gets might have disguised themselves to ideal positions. This breaks the hearts of their friends when they find the real person behind the curtain.

Conclusion

The internet cannot in wholesome be blamed for irresponsible behaviors. We need to be responsible and use the internet in the right way possible so as to be good managers of resources and time in the work place, schools and our homes. It is clear, however, that internet addiction causes lack of sleep among most people. This is an unhealthy practice, as the mind needs a social rest over the daily chores. Sleepless instills sense of irresponsibility among the growing youths as they grow up with a ‘don’t care ‘attitude and copy many irresponsible behaviors from the internet. Spending so much time on the social networks has played a major part in the poor performance in jobs, schools, and families. It has led to decreased production rates and increase in neglects of duties and responsibilities.

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